Tempering of low-temperature bainite

M. J. Peet, S. S. Babu, M. K. Miller and H.K.D.H. Bhadeshia

Metallurgical and Materials Transactions, 2017, currently available online.

DOI: 10.1007/s11661-017-4086-x


Atom Probe Tomography, APT, tempering, superbainite, bainite, steel, carbide, precipitation.


Electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and atom probe tomography have been used to identify the changes which occur during the tempering of a carbide-free bainitic steel transformed at 473 K (200 °C). Partitioning of solute between ferrite and thin-films of retained austenite was observed on tempering at 673 K (400 °C) for 30 minutes. After tempering at 673 K (400 °C) and 773 K (500 °C) for 30 minutes, cementite was observed in the form of nanometre scale precipitates. Proximity histograms showed that the partitioning of solutes other than silicon from the cementite was slight at 673 K (400 °C) and more obvious at 773 K (500 °C). In both cases, the nanometre scale carbides are greatly depleted in silicon.

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